In today's mini-lesson, I'll briefly explain the Present Simple tense.
When do we use it?
When we want to talk about routines (habits / repetition of activities) or generalization.
(+) Kai sleeps a lot.
(-) Kai doesn't sleep a lot.
(?) Does Kai sleep a lot?
You need to bear in mind that when you work with affirmatives sentences in Present Simple, you'll have to make some changes in the verb when there's a singular third person (he, she, it).
- Affirmative Form (+) → Subject + bare infinitive (+s/es/ies for 3rd persons)
-ES: We add -es at the end of verbs that end in ch, sh, x, o
preach → preaches
rush → rushes
miss → misses
mix → mixes
do → does
-IES: The particle -ies has to be added if there's a verb that ends with consonant + y
try → tries
ally → allies
carry → carries
marry → marries
spy → spies
-S: If the main verb doesn't fall in any of the categories mentioned above, then you just add an -s
play → plays
annoy → annoys
delay → delays
betray → betrays
employ → employs
- Negative Form (-) → Subject + Auxiliar (Don't / Doesn't / Other) + bare infinitive
- Question Form (?) → Auxiliar (Do / Does / Other) + Subject + Bare infinitive + ?
Remember that when we use the auxiliar verb 'do', it will change form to 'does' when you work with a 3rd person (as it was mentioned above because of the 's' rule).
Easy, isn't it? 😸