Past Simple

This tense is used when you refer to an action that took place in the past. It started and finished in the past.


(+) Karina played with her toy yesterday.
(-) Karina didn't play with her toy yesterday.
(?) Did Karina play with her toy yesterday?

When you work with the affirmative form, you'll have to be very careful because you need to recognize if the main verb is a regular or an irregular verb. What's the difference between them?

  • Regular verbs: they are verbs that end in -ed. They don't change the form, you just need to add either -ed or -d.

    stay → stayed
    play → played
    shop → shopped
    click → clicked

    Notice that when you have a Consonant + Vowel + Consonant (CVC), you have to duplicate the last consonant before you ad the -ed particle.
  • Irregular verbs: they are verbs that, as the name says, have an irregular form. You cannot form them just by adding -ed at the end. I'm so sorry to tell you this, but the only way to learn this kind of verbs is by using them until you have memorized them. Yeah, kind of sad, right? But don't worry! You'll see that as you are always reading and practicing English you'll remember them slowly until you've learned most of them or... even all of them someday. Yay! Good news for you! 😉

    bring → brought
    give → gave
    go → went
    fly → flew
    buy → bought
  • Affirmative Form (+) → Subject + Verb + -ed or Subject + Irregular Verb in past form
  • Negative Form (-) → Subject + Auxiliar (Didn't / Other) + bare infinitive
  • Interrogative Form (?) → Auxiliar (Did / Other) + Subject + bare infinitive + ?

Don't give up and keep studying! 😺

-Miss Gatitos

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